Manufacturing and producing goods for the consumers make up the market and the economy. From the initial days, we have been using natural resources to drive up our manufacturing process. It has resulted in elevated depletion of natural resources, higher carbon footprints, and increased pollution. These repercussions have led to a bigger problem the entire world is facing today, global warming and climate change.

What is SDG 12?

The united nations, in 2015, came up with the SDG 12 – Responsible Consumption and production. The goal talks about the importance of maintaining a sustainable manufacturing and production chain and the significance of sustainable consumption. Achieving economic growth and sustainable development requires that we urgently reduce our ecological footprint by changing the way we produce and consume goods and resources.

What are the targets of SDG 12?

The goal targets to implement The 10-year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, where all countries take action, and developed countries take the lead while considering the development and capabilities of developing countries.


Agriculture uses the most amount of water worldwide, and irrigation now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater for human use. The way we dispose of toxic waste into land and water and its implications of life on both earth and water is another alarming reason why SDG 12 and its targets are prioritized. With the active implementation of SDG 12, the UN is looking to achieve sustainable consumption by 2030. The second target is to manage the natural resources.


1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted every year, while almost 2 billion people are hungry and malnourished. The goal also aims to reduce food wastage and work towards ending global hunger. The SDG promotes responsible management of chemical and toxics and their disposal. Safe disposal of toxic materials could protect the planet and people from various catastrophes. The SDG 12 deals with various important problems like efficient waste management, energy consumption and promotes sustainable lifestyle habits, sustainable tourism, and scientific and technological advances in developing countries.

What can we do?

The targets are simple and understandable yet, extremely important to sustain the adequate quality of life of people on the planet. For common personnel taking action could start at home. Switch to energy-efficient CFL light bulbs, use water and electricity only when needed, and reduce wasted food to a bare minimum. Following a sustainable lifestyle and encouraging others to do the same is a massive step towards achieving goal number 12.