Just like a roof over our heads and water, energy like electricity has become a necessity in today’s world. With the world transitioning faster than ever, the need for energy resources have become extremely important and demanding. Energy consumption over the past few decades has peaked excessively. The surge in energy consumption started with industrialization and has not stopped since then. That matter concerning the planet is not just the extent of energy consumption, but the types of energies we consumed.


Primarily, we have been using energy generated by fossil fuels like coal, petroleum etc. During the process of energy generation with fossil fuels, gases and fumes are released into the atmosphere and, it has resulted in increased global warming or the greenhouse effect. Climate change is one such consequence of using non-eco-friendly or non-renewable sources of energy.

Why Do we need SDG 7?

We have seen the word ‘Green Energy’ has been trending for the past few years, but did we bother to learn about it and its significance? Green energy means it is produced with little-to-no environmental impact and does not dispense greenhouse gases into the air that contribute to global warming, the way energy from fossil fuels does. Apart from this, it also helps minimize and prevent air pollution. Green energy sources include wind, geothermal, hydro, and solar energy.

To advocate the usage of green energies and make energy available and affordable to all, the United Nations formulated the Sustainable Development Goal 7. In this, the UN talks about clean energy dissemination globally; double the improvement in energy efficiency; promote access to research, technology, and investments in clean energy; evolve, expand, and upgrade energy services in developing countries.

What are the targets of SDG 7?

The primary target of the goal is to make green and clean energy accessible and affordable to all globally. With this target, electricity from clean energy sources for daily utilization like cleaning, heating, and cooking would be made easier. Expanding the reach of clean energy, improving the global usage of clean energy, and increasing energy efficiency are other targets of the goal. The goal aims to make energy accessible and affordable to all by considering the environmental factors. With the use of clean energy, we could minimize the environmental threats.


Women in several developing countries have been affected by indoor air pollution caused by the use of fuels such as coal and wood in cooking. Barriers to the adoption of clean cooking solutions include their affordability, lack of supply, and social acceptability. In India, Clean energy solutions like biogas plants have been set up and installed.

How can we achieve SDG 7?

The primitive thing to do is to reduce the consumption of energy as much as we could. Simple acts like turning off lights and appliances when not use could do a great deal of good to the environment. You could also save on your electricity bills.

Take the initiative to make the transition from traditional energy sources to solar or wind energy. Install solar water heaters and solar lights. They reduce your carbon footprint and could save you thousands on your electricity bill. Educate and raise awareness about energy conservation and consumption.

Teach the next generation about the importance of energy resources and how to use them efficiently. Simple acts like using bicycles over other fossil-fuel run vehicles to travel short distances could turn out to be very significant. Switch to electricity-driven vehicles over traditional automobiles to do your bit to save the planet for future generations.